The Citadel and Vuelta del Castillo, the green belt surrounding the former, are the green lung of and main reference point in the city. The area consists of 280,000 square metres of trees and lawns, which intermingle with a construction built between 1571 and 1645 to defend Pamplona. Its pavilions, moats, bastions, ravelins and glacis are now public leisure, sports and culture areas.
The Vuelta del Castillo is of military origin: it is, in fact, the Citadel’s glacis, an area of open land sloping up towards the moats and walls which it was forbidden to build on. It has been a favourite walk for locals since the XVII century. A large, well-tended, green area where those just enjoying a stroll cross paths with people playing football or jogging. There are benches, drinking-fountains and paths to make walking through the grounds a pleasure.
There are two wind roses on the paths in Vuelta del Castillo: one beside the “Edificio Singular”, on the crossroads between Avenida de Pío XII and Avenida del Ejército, and the other, at the entrance to the Citadel via the Doorway of “Socorro”.
The inner ward of the Citadel is a pleasant, public park, closed to traffic, with generous lawns and a network of paths, a small, central plaza with fountain, benches for a sit-down, a small children’s play park and some thirty, different species of tree.It houses exhibition areas managed by the Council.
Built in 1694, this is the oldest building in the enclosure. It is now hosts art exhibitions.
This Building was built in 1725 according to the renovation design of the prestigious architect Verboom for the Citadel and the City walls. It has four floors and used to be the artillery store. It now houses art and cultural exhibitions.
The fortification’s old bread oven is now an exhibition and avant-garde installation centre.
The two large rooms in this building, renovated in 1720 and at later dates, provide further exhibition space.
It is possible to go down into the small labyrinth formed by the moats from Avenida del Ejército or a number of points on Vuelta del Castillo. A central path runs around the entire perimeter from Avenida del Ejército to Yanguas y Miranda. Those choosing this path will find ponds, sports facilities and a public fronton as they make their way around.
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